Ge­o­graphic Range South­ern bog lem­mings are found in east­ern North Amer­ica, from south­ern Que­bec and Man­i­toba in Canada to west­ern Min­nesota, to south­west­ern Kansas, and east to the At­lantic coast of the United States. Summary 2. It's burrow holes are typically 6-12 inches deep and its home range varies from 1/4 of an acre. �Сv�7���09q��s�HE�H6SA�6C Southern Bog Lemming – LL Master. Northern bog lemmings (Synaptomys borealis) occur across North America from Labrador to southern Alaska.They are uncommon in northwestern and eastern Canada. It is believed they are being pushed out of their Connecticut habitats by meadow voles. Photos of southern bog lemming, geographic range, physical characteristics, food habits, reproduction, behavior, habitat and conservation information. The northern bog lemming is one of Maine’s rarest mammals, and much like the Canada lynx, it is more numerous in the north and reaches the southern edge of its range here in Maine. The northern bog lemming has been listed as state-threatened since 1986, however, it … Invasion of the meadow vole (Microtus pennsylvanicus) in southeastern Kentucky and its possible impact on the southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi). They eat green vegetation such as grasses and sedges. ��i���b�i���K(UyY�y{�7#oJ(-�d@V�륞�g]M"?�w��-,�. endstream endobj startxref Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog lemming, in southeastern Canada but … 1996. Remains of this species have been recovered from Wisconinan sites as far south as central Nevada, Kansas, northern Arkansas and northern Tennessee. They utilize surface and subsurface tunnels as well as nests above and below the ground. This species is more common in deciduous and … •Meadow Vole is larger and has a much longer tail. Description. Status in Tennessee: Southern Bog Lemmings are Deemed in Need of Management by both TWRA and Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation. They are uncommon in the state. Underground burrow systems may be up to one foot deep. Ecology. During the Late Pleistocene, Synaptomys borealis occupied much of the central and eastern U.S. south of the Laurentide ice sheets, which is much further south than its current range. Females can raise several litters a year and can be both nursing and pregnant. Haskins. Geographic Range. ��wXo�% ��~/�M�׽3[��4�c=k��'˳��r���p\eЉq��;�����Y���Y���/oz�d+��؋� �xf���g��:-X�Z'i�^,E���~'�jZ4��r�X}j&����(| i��2�p�"�d�4K�=�z��8^_��|�9����vrj!��6c�b��Nƾ�8��r�B��� It also inhabits wetter and drier sites when … They are small, cylindrical rodents with large heads and short ears, legs, and tails. The Southern Bog Lemming is the only lemming which occurs in Tennessee, and it is found state-wide. Home Range of Bog Lemming. Habitat: Prefers low areas of moist, grassy fields, meadows, or swamps with thick vegetation; also occurs less frequently in bogs and damp woods. Their lifespan is 29 months. Habits : The home range of the southern bog lemming is limited. However, the norther bon g lemming is nearly identica to thle more common southern bog lemming (S. cooperi), and their ranges overlap. Krupa, J.J. and K.E. Description:  A small, thick-bodied mammal with a large head, short snout, short legs, and a very short tail about equal to the hind foot length. Distribution: Southern Bog Lemmings are found throughout Ohio, but records are lacking for a number of counties. Pictures. Nests are made in side chambers off the main underground tunnels. What is Being Done. Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog lemming, in southeastern Canada but … •** Southern Bog Lemming can often not be separated from similar species without detailed analysis of dental formulas and possibly an expert. Description: Mouse-like. 163 0 obj <> endobj There is an isolated population south of the St. Lawrence River in the … Southern Bog Lemming Synaptomys cooperi. They have round thick bodies covered with grey-brown fur with silver grey underparts. Range. About Me The Southern Bog Lemming (Synaptomys cooperi)The Southern Bog Lemming is an endangered species of lemming closely related to the already extinct Northern Bog Lemming and the Kansas Bog Lemming. �TJÓg� �>� ����w,�rj��-�;$��Ir�L��BW(�#J�� •**Southern Bog Lemming can often not be separated from similar species without detailed analysis of dental formulas and possibly an expert. This lemming is associated with bog, fen, marsh and wet meadow conditions throughout its range (Whitaker and Hamilton 1998). The grassy openings and edges of these forests, especially where sedges, ferns, and shrubs grow and when the soil is loose and crumbly, are habitats the bog lemming prefers. 0 Lemmings are legendary for their population fluctuations leading to alterations in their predator-prey relationships. Summary 1. •They excrete bright green fecal pellets due to the large amount of green vegetation consumed. They live in grasslands, moist areas, deciduous and coniferous forests, wetlands, and marshes. Weight: 0.5 - 2.0 ounces. The southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi) is a small North American lemming. The fur on the back ranges in color from a … Three specimens of bog lemmings have been recorded in New Hampshire in the past 100 years in the White Mountains region (Preble 1899, Clough and Albright 1987, Yamasaki, unpublished data). Brownish gray. h�bbd```b``����A$�L��Dr:�H���9�t��`]��t��w0�9؄�`,�6���>$�D��*�&@�7G���"��ԟs ���Z��n6���qؒ����0 ��� This lemming is associated with bog, fen, marsh and wet meadow conditions throughout its range (Whitaker and Hamilton 1998). RANGE: The Southern Bog Lemming occurs from Quebec, west to southeastern Manitoba, south to southwestern Kansas, east through northern Arkansas and Kentucky, south to western North Carolina and Virginia and western Maryland to the Atlantic coastal plain … Habitat: Feeds on berries and vegetation. Range. Shallow groove near outer edge of upper gnawing tooth. Southern Flying Squirrel. Once found as far south as Kansas, northern bog lemmings have Diet: This species diet consists of plants, leaves, stems, and seeds. The northern bog lemming is rarely trapped and is one ���Fƙ� F�dw��z�; b�iĉ\��nRݚD���y���&�ִ���/,T 4�9�кH�Xפ�f�b.��x��<6q2�M���x�v���Q�4�⾥U�87C��t��6U��dt���(k��q�M����M�g�8)CƬ�V;�^�"&�RY ����Q!�Z��Mt��ߺixܔ��(M�}Q�S��3�1�[G{G�@rW������nco К^��.Ò �{���z���H�M��=�w�:D���mI�:{�cg:��=��fʺ �t:�ޢT��p ]�^�VJ��gKW����� The Southern bog lemming eats plants, seeds, stems, and leaves. BOG LEMMINGS IN EASTERN VIRGINIA 157 TABLE 1. It is active both summer and winter, and in areas of dense overhead cover is frequently active during the day. 192 0 obj <>/Encrypt 164 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<84DBC92D07A8DE43B58B08B9810AEE11>]/Index[163 69]/Info 162 0 R/Length 124/Prev 322646/Root 165 0 R/Size 232/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the northern bog lemming, in southeastern Canada but extends further south. Ears short, nearly concealed. It is active both summer and winter, and in areas of dense overhead cover is frequently active during the day. Synaptomys is a genus of North American lemmings. Distribution. Southern bog lemmings can live over two years in captivity, but rarely live more than one year in the wild (Kurta 1995). They use runways, like voles, and make underground tunnels for nesting, feeding, resting, and food storage. Lemmings are legendary for their population fluctuations leading to alterations in their predator-prey relationships. American Society of Mammalogists. 1960. The southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi) is a small North American lemming. Why Endangered. Habitat: The Southern Bog Lemming's habitat ranges from wet grasslands, forests, to grassy wetlands. Southern Bog Lemming Synaptomys cooperi. They are gregarious and the home range is normally less than 1/2 acre. Southern Bog Lemmings range through a north central to northeastern section of the continental US and through a small section of southeastern Canada. The American Midland Naturalist. Despite its extensive distribution, the northern bog lemming is unpredictable in occurrence and nowhere is it considered common (Banfield 1974). Large greenish fecal droppings and copious cuttings of grass stems are a good sign of the presence of this small mammal. The lemming is a good source of food for snakes, hawks, owls, shrews, weasels, foxes, coyotes, and bobcats. Southern bog lemmings are small voles, weighing 20 to 50 g (average 35 g) and measuring 110 to 140 mm in total length. The Southern Bog Lemming, Synaptomys cooperi is a small North American lemming.Its range overlaps with the other species in genus Synaptomys, the Northern Bog Lemming, in southeastern Canada but extends further south.. However, it will use a variety of open habitats, including dry grassy The southern bog lemming (Synaptomys cooperi) is a small North American lemming. Habitat:  Prefers low areas of moist, grassy fields, meadows, or swamps with thick vegetation; also occurs less frequently in bogs and damp woods. The Southern Bog Lemming is the only lemming which occurs in Tennessee, and it is found state-wide. 1995. Range and Habitat: The southern bog lemming is resident of a large part of eastern North America, and its range extends from southeastern Manitoba to southwestern Kansas, east to the Atlantic. •Woodland Vole has a reddish-brown fur coat. In contradiction to the common name “bog lemming”, Synaptomys cooperi found in the Great Lakes region occupy mostly grassy meadows. Diet:  Primarily eats vegetation such as stems, leaves, grasses, sedges, and seeds; however, fungi and invertebrates are occasionally consumed. Tail: 0.5 - 1.3 inches 135: 14-22. They have small eyes and the ears are mostly concealed in the fur. %%EOF Birds | Butterflies | Mammals Garden Shop hillsides in eastern British Columbia (Anderson 1932). Summary 1. Best places to see in Tennessee: Low areas of wet fields or swamps. The home range of the Southern Bog Lemming is limited. Distinguishing between northern and southern species can only be confirmed by examining their dental and skull characteristics. This species has not been found in great numbers anywhere, with the exception of moderate … 1973, Linzey 1981). Females are pregnant 21-23 days before giving birth to 1-7 (usually 3-5) young. These animals live in wet forested and open areas. 231 0 obj <>stream The northern bog lemming ranges across much of boreal North America from the southern two-thirds of Alaska south into northern Washington and east across Canada to the Atlantic coast. Range and Habitat Southern bog lemmings are found in eastern North America, from southern Quebec and Manitoba in Canada to western Minnesota, to southwestern Kansas, and east to the Atlantic coast of the United States. It is also known to eat small fruits. Breeding information: They breed primarily in the spring and fall, but can breed any time of year. They have a large head, short legs and a short tail which is lighter underneath. Length: 3.8 - 6.0 inches The breeding season lasts from May through late August, and litter size ranges from two to eight young, and females may have two to three litters in a breeding season. Total Length: 4.5” (the tail measures about 0.75”) Description: This brown species is similar to the voles in Ohio, but only the velvety furred Woodland Vole has such a short tail.   •Southern Bog Lemmings are colonial and can number from a few up to 20 or 30 individuals. Range and Habitat The northern bog lemming is widely distributed across northern North America, ranging from Alaska to Labrador and south to Washington and Maine. Southern Bog Lemming Synaptomys cooperi. endstream endobj 164 0 obj <>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(�&��ws#ͥ�����TA���VEp`\r~�X�6)/P -1340/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(^�R�At�E::� �f )/V 4>> endobj 165 0 obj <>/Metadata 12 0 R/Pages 161 0 R/StructTreeRoot 28 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 166 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 161 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 167 0 obj <>stream This species is more common in deciduous and mixed coniferous–deciduous forests. Large greenish fecal droppings and copious cuttings of grass stems are a good sign of the presence of this small mammal. Fun Facts:  Results of pitfall trapping on seventeen 0.25 ha grids with southern bog lemmings, set in and near the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge in Suffolk, Virginia (Rose, 1983). Southern bog lemmings are found in eastern North America, from southern Quebec and Manitoba in Canada to western Minnesota, to southwestern Kansas, and east to the Atlantic Coast of the United States. Northern New Hampshire represents the southernmost edge of the range of bog lemmings in 1. Getz, L.L. In Minnesota, it wa… They have been listed as a species of Special Concern in Connecticut as their population seems to be low. Links. Southern bog lemmings ( S. cooperi) also inhabit a wide variety of habitats, all of which are marginal for Microtus; bog lemmings may be competitively excluded from better quality habitats by Microtus (Doutt et al. occasional in open lowland bogs with sphagnum, sedges, … In the conterminous United States, it is found near the Canadian border in Washington, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota, New Hampshire, and Maine. Ear: 0.3 - 0.6 inches Kurta, A. The long, coarse fur is brownish above mixed with gray, black, and yellow, and the underside is gray to silver. 41:404. Habitat. %PDF-1.6 %���� Average longevity for this mammal is less than one year. The mnemonics refer to the species names: Sc, southern bog lemming, Synaptomys cooperi; SI, southeastern shrew, Sorex Can be both nursing and pregnant leaves, stems, and tails leaves... 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