In 2018, the Federal Court of Appeal agreed that the government had not fulfilled its duty. Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press, via Associated Press. First Nation. The program has pitted the province of British Columbia, where the government fears a potential for disaster from increased oil tanker traffic, against neighboring Alberta, where Premier Jason Kenney has declared the pipeline’s potential to open Asia as a market for Canadian oil as vital. The debate over Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain pipeline expansion is breaking down relationships between Indigenous groups, according to the chief of one B.C. That includes the land controlled by Coldwater First Nation, one of the groups that challenged the pipeline in court. The CCF preferred public ownership; the Conservatives objected to what they saw as American control. But the plan’s regulatory status has nevertheless gained vast symbolic importance for people on both sides of the energy debate. At its heart, the 1956 pipeline debate was a microcosm of the greater economic question that had split Canada since Confederation: nationalism or continentalism? directed their ire at a shared target on … For proponents of the pipeline project, the decision was their second consecutive legal victory. The Federal Court of Appeal’s rejection of a challenge by Indigenous groups to the Trans Mountain pipeline won’t be the last word in the energy debate. The Santa Barbara oil spill has irritated already-sensitive public concern about oil pipelines. Professor Christie, who is of Inupiat and Inuvialuit ancestry, is of the view that it’s the chiefs, this decision and other suggest otherwise. , a corporate shell incorporated in 1951; a temporary predominance of the Americans in the syndicate raised charges that the pipeline was a sellout to American interests. But these substantive concerns were overshadowed by the procedural issue of closure, by which the Liberals placed a strict time limit on debate. More broadly, this month Mr. Trudeau’s government must approve or reject a huge oil sands project proposed by Teck Resources, which is opposed by both some Indigenous groups and many environmentalists. It has also divided Indigenous groups between those who fear its effects on their drinking water and traditional lands and those who see economic gains from it. Social Credit supported it, but the CCF and the Progressive Conservatives attacked the bill from every angle. Please send them to nytcanada@nytimes.com. Canada’s pipeline debate needs reality check Appeared in the Edmonton Journal It’s been a difficult couple of weeks for Kinder Morgan’s proposed expansion of the Trans Mountain pipeline. Just over two thirds of the detailed route for the pipeline expansion has been approved, allowing construction to go ahead. This week, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police renewed their enforcement measures along its route. HuffPost Canada. It is, unquestionably, an important step in the plan to expand the pipeline between Alberta’s oil sands and a tanker port near Vancouver, a project Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government deemed so important that it bought the pipeline from its American owners to make it happen. The pipeline is now operated by the Trans Mountain Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Canada Development Investment Corporation. This has become an endemic problem during discussions about pipelines and their function in modern Canada. bought the pipeline from its American owners, dismissed a claim by British Columbia’s government, prohibiting the blockade of a natural gas pipeline. Our team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions. In. One of the Indigenous groups involved in the case, the Tsleil-Waututh Nation, has said that it may now go to the Supreme Court of Canada. “The case law is clear that although Indigenous peoples can assert their uncompromising opposition to a project, they cannot tactically use the consultation process as a means to try to veto it,” the judges wrote. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Breakdown: The Pipeline Debate and the Threat to Canada's Future. The government charged obstruction and the Opposition charged dictatorship, but the bill passed. The debate, however, discredited Howe and the Liberals, and contributed to their defeat in the ​1957 general election. OTTAWA — Canada will move forward with a pipeline project that has set the country’s provinces against one another, opened rifts among its Indigenous communities and … The Canadian Federal Court of Appeals overturned the country’s approval to move forward with the construction of the controversial oil pipeline in August 2018 and said the country failed to sufficiently consult affected indigenous tribes before making a final … Canada Energy Regulator is about to hold hearings for the remainder. Canada has a resource-dependent economy and in the short term would realize economic benefits from the pipeline, which enables diversification of export markets. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. These are challenging times for Canada’s midstream oil and gas sector. Breakdown: The Pipeline Debate and the Threat to Canada's Future - Kindle edition by McConaghy, Dennis, Yedlin, Deborah, Yedlin, Deborah. The Pipeline Debate, 8 May-6 June 1956, was one of the most famous confrontations in Canadian parliamentary history. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has said he will work with the new US leader regarding the pipeline, and that he was "confident that the … In 1954 Howe assembled a private syndicate of Canadian and American businessmen to give effect to. Among other things, it reopened the thorny issue of who speaks for Indigenous people when it comes to land: their hereditary chiefs or their elected band councils? Canada's population was booming during the 1950s, and energy shortages were becoming problematic. Howe argued that it must run entirely in Canada and deliver to Canadian consumers. Follow him on Twitter at @ianrausten. The Canada Energy Regulator last … And Professor Christie added that while the Federal Court of Appeal decision may be good news for the energy industry in the short term, its broader effect on Indigenous relations may be corrosive. A new and unusually rich award for fiction by a woman or nonbinary person and published in Canada or the United States has been created in the memory of Carol Shields, the author of the “Stone Diaries” who was born in Illinois but who spent most of her life in Canada. What, exactly, makes a consultation with Indigenous people meaningful or reasonable? The pipeline is now operated by the Trans Mountain Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Canada Development Investment Corporation. Canada’s prime ministerial debate was an insulting spectacle of pandering Green Party leader Elizabeth May and Justin Trudeau, Canadian prime minister and Liberal leader, debate in … At a meeting in Houston, one of the larger towns in the region, some 200 people came out to discuss the pipeline project. After many vicissitudes, a bill to authorize the pipeline and provide a loan for part of its construction was introduced in May 1956. For T, The New York Times Style Magazine, Michael Snyder profiled the architect Omar Gandhi and his work to create a new Nova Scotia architecture. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. This was also the second time Indigenous groups had gone to court to argue that the federal government had failed to properly consult them on the pipeline. To get more pipes in the ground in the future, some argue a so-called 'Team Canada' approach is necessary. A Victory in Court for Pipelines but the Debate Continues. The project required very large sums of capital and specialized products and expertise. “The fact of the matter is: I think it’s impossible to nail down,” he told me. A native of Windsor, Ontario, Ian Austen was educated in Toronto, lives in Ottawa and has reported about Canada for The New York Times for the past 16 years. A protest against the pipeline project in Vancouver in 2018. Canadians are split 50/50 when it comes to the B.C.-Alberta dispute over the pipeline's expansion. As they and the Opposition knew, laying the pipe had to begin by early June or nothing could be done until the next year. Forward it to your friends, and let them know they can sign up here. “It’s another colonial machine that’s driving us apart from one another,” Bonaparte Indian Band Chief Ryan Day told HuffPost Canada in an interview. The proposed Trans Mountain pipeline has divided Western Canada, inspiring passionate views and elevating tensions between British Columbia and Alberta. My colleague Dan Bilefsky attended an audience of sorts with Queen Victoria recently: “Wearing a crown, she now presides at his dining room table, as if in mid-conversation, with the figures of Queen Elizabeth II; Diana, Princess of Wales; and Winston Churchill. A new report has raised debate about the future of Canada’s energy production and the need for some big pipeline projects. Liberal Minister of Trade and Commerce C. D. Howe decided that a pipeline to carry natural gas from Alberta to central Canada was a national necessity. The Pipeline Debate, 8 May-6 June 1956, was one of the most famous confrontations in Canadian parliamentary history. But the unanimous decision of the three judges is unlikely to be the last word on the divisive plan. Transmission pipelines are the most controversial kind, and there are already enough transmission pipelines in Canada to wrap around the world 20 times. Bothwell, R., Pipeline Debate, 1956 (2015). But the relatively new Canada Energy Regulator is about to hold hearings for the remainder. Union Jack napkins are at the ready, and multicolor Skittles are available for snacking.”. Definition of Pipeline Debate by Rand Dyck and Christopher Cochrane (in their book “Canadian Politics: Critical Approaches”) in the context of political science in Canada: The heated House of Commons debate in the mid-1950s regarding the construction of the Trans-Canada Pipeline in which the Liberals treated Parliament in a particularly arrogant way. The pipeline is now operated by the Trans Mountain Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Canada Development Investment Corporation. "Pipeline Debate, 1956". Opponents of Trans Mountain say Canada can’t meet its 2030 Paris Agreement emissions target if it keeps adding infrastructure for high-emitting industries, such as the Trans Mountain pipeline. Figures from Victoria’s now defunct Royal London Wax Museum at their owners’ home. I also recommend watching “Music and Clowns,” Alex Widdowson’s witty and warm story of life with a sibling with Down syndrome. The decision by the Federal Court of Appeal this week to reject a challenge to the expansion of the Trans Mountain pipeline brought celebration to Alberta’s government, a sigh of relief in Ottawa and indignation to the Indigenous groups that went to court as well as to many environmentalists. Premier Jason Kenney of Alberta has made pipeline projects a litmus test. Divided by a snowy city street and conflicting views, protesters on both sides of the pipeline debate in B.C. But Professor Christie said that because the ruling carefully followed previous Supreme Court rulings, the case may not even get a hearing. This time, however, the court decided that the latest round of consultations met its test. We’re eager to have your thoughts about this newsletter and events in Canada in general. And stuck somewhat in the middle is Mr. Trudeau, who has consistently argued that Canada needs a strong energy industry to develop a carbon neutral future. The issue was the building of an additional pipeline, a twinning, of the existing 65 year old line from the Alberta to a facility to load tankers in British Columbia at the Pacific coast. Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. The ongoing debate in Canada over the extraction of hydrocarbon resources and their transportation to markets exemplifies the country’s political polarization. The government is not obliged to follow what Indigenous groups request — or even, ultimately, to get their consent. Article content. The financing of the project was split 50–50 between American and Canadian interests. To find out, I spoke with Gordon Christie, a law professor at the University of British Columbia whose studies include Indigenous land rights and consultations. The project required very large sums of capital and specialized products and expertise. Canada’s indigenous people are divided over the project. The decision by the Federal Court of Appeal this week to reject a challenge to the expansion of the Trans Mountain pipeline brought celebration to … More is to come this year both on Trans Mountain and for Mr. Trudeau’s government. The pipeyard at the Trans Mountain facility in Kamloops, B.C. “I had difficulty in finding anything that you could point to and say the law has not been applied correctly,” he said. Canada is entering the third week of protests and blockades over the construction of the $6.6 billion Coastal GasLink pipeline expansion project in Northern British Columbia. The C$7.4bn project would twin the existing 1,150km (715 mile) pipeline and increase capacity from 300,000 barrels per day to 890,000 per day from Alberta, the heart of Canada… According to Canadian Broadcasting Corp., Wet’suwet’en people who came to the meeting said that “they want to see the natural gas pipeline built. “The only thing I would predict for the future is that things will get murkier and more tense,” he said. Liberal Minister of Trade and Commerce, to carry natural gas from Alberta to central Canada was a national necessity. Howe argued that it must run entirely in Canada and deliver to Canadian consumers. The Trans Mountain Pipeline project was approved in 2016 by the Trudeau administration and has been a topic of protest by environmentalists who claim that will raise the risk of oil spills in the Burrard Inlet and can’t be completed if the government is to meet its climate change commitments to cut Canada’s greenhouse gas emissions another 200 million tonnes a year by 2030. The Pipeline Debate, 8 May-6 June 1956, was one of the most famous confrontations in Canadian parliamentary history. In, Bothwell, Robert, "Pipeline Debate, 1956". Last month, the Supreme Court of Canada dismissed a claim by British Columbia’s government that it had the right to restrict the flow of oil from Alberta into its territory. Thrust increasingly into the public spotlight, regulatory audits posted online and every development the subject of a steady stream of news headlines, oil and gas pipelines – Keystone XL, Northern Gateway and Energy East in particular – have become a prominent fixture in our national daily dialogue. The appeal court, following previous decisions, was clear about one thing, however. Canadian company TransCanada PipeLines Ltd. was incorporated in 1951 to undertake the construction of a natural gas pipeline across Canada. That issue is among the questions at the heart of an injunction prohibiting the blockade of a natural gas pipeline under construction in British Columbia by hereditary leaders. In the pipeline debate, even as some hereditary chiefs have refused to consent, all 20 elected bands along the route of the Coastal GasLink signed … The Pipeline Debate (May 8 – June 6, 1956) was a political event in the history of the Parliament of Canada. But he nevertheless found much of the decision troubling in terms of relations between Canada and its Indigenous people. The Pipeline Debate, 8 May-6 June 1956, was one of the most famous confrontations in Canadian parliamentary history. Instead, half-truths are used as arguments designed to scare citizens toward the political left or right. Among the nominees in the Oscars’ Documentary Short Subject category this year is “Walk, Run, Cha-Cha,” the story of Paul and Millie Cao who reunited in California after the Vietnam War and four decades later are rediscovering themselves on the dance floor. Bothwell, Robert. Liberal Minister of Trade and Commerce C. D. Howe decided that a pipeline to carry natural gas from Alberta to central Canada was a national necessity. The pipeline debate is no longer a balanced discussion on what is best for the country. Breakdown explores these tensions through economic, environmental, and political perspectives. Demonstrations in support of the Wet’suwet’en Nation’s hereditary chiefs against a natural gas pipeline have spread across the country. Low oil prices and investor indifference may mean that the 20.6 billion Canadian dollar Frontier project will never be built. A 3700 km pipeline was completed from Burstall, Saskatchewan, to Montréal by October 1958, and TransCanada became a principally Canadian-owned company. In 1954 Howe assembled a private syndicate of Canadian and American businessmen to give effect to TransCanada Pipelines, a corporate shell incorporated in 1951; a temporary predominance of the Americans in the syndicate raised charges that the pipeline was a sellout to American interests. Construction of the Trans Mountain pipeline expansion in Acheson, Alberta, in December. The setting for this debate is the Paris Climate Accord under which, ... Marvin Shaffer endorses, with qualifications, the case for the pipeline. 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