Officially named the Vietnam Veterans Memorial and located in Washington, DC, the monument honors service members who died in the Vietnam War and those who were declared Missing in Action during the conflict. Vietnam Veterans Memorial. A total of $50,000 was awarded to the winning design. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a tribute to the dead of the United States' longest, most unpopular, and least successful war. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial, also known simply as The Wall, has a fascinating history. He wanted the memorial to acknowledge and recognize the service and sacrifice of all who served in Vietnam. Vietnam Veterans Memorial. The Vietnam War is a storied time of American history, and getting a memorial tribute to the troops was a complex and rigorous process. The conflict has deep historical roots, most recently the First Indochina War between the communist North and the French-backed South, and the subsequent splitting of Vietnam into North and South. There are 711 West Virginians on the Wall. The Vietnam War was a military conflict between North Vietnam and U.S.-aided South Vietnam from 1955–1975. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is the most visited war memorial in the United States capital, yet its history comes full of debate and controversy. West Virginia had the highest casualty rate per capita in the nation. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was founded by Jan Scruggs, who served in Vietnam (in the 199th Light Infantry Brigade) from 1969-1970 as a infantry corporal. According to the Pentagon, his name was Richard B. The Memorial welcomes over 45,000 visitors annually. Like the war itself, this memorialization was highly controversial, but the site has become the most frequently visited memorial in Washington, D.C., drawing over 4 million visitors annually. The Vietnam War Memorial was designed by a 21-year old Yale University architecture student, Maya Ying Lin from Athens, Ohio out of a total 1,421 entries received as part of the design competition. 244 soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor during the Vietnam War; 153 of them are on the Wall. The Vietnam Veteran’s Memorial Fund, Inc. is the nonprofit organization authorized by Congress in 1980 to fund and build the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. Beallsville, Ohio, with a population of 475, lost 6 of her sons. Like a magnificent black tombstone bearing a sea of names, the "Wall" seems to go on forever. View All 117,485 Memorials for the Vietnam War Site. Today, the Memorial is home to the Chapel, the Visitors Center, an authentic Huey helicopter which saw action in Vietnam during the war, the Veterans Memorial Walkway, a Gift Shop, Memorial Gardens, an amphitheater, as well as the gravesites of Jeanne and Victor Westphall. 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